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Russian Gemstones Encyclopedia

Vladimir Bukanov. Russian Gemstones Encyclopedia

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Abbreviations


Acad. – Academy
Amer. – American
anc. – ancient
app. – appendix
B.C. – British Columbia
Brit. – British
C.A.R. – Central African Rep.
ct. – carat
cent. – century
D.C. – District of Columbia, the U.S.A.
Dept. – department
disc.— discredit
Dist. – District
e.g. – for example
Engl. – English
Form. – former
Fr. – French
Germ. – German
Gk. – Greek
GB – Great Britain
Inst. – Institute
Is., Iss. – Island, Islands
Ital. – Italian
Jap. – Japan
Lat. – Latin
mist. – mistake
M.S. – Metric System
Mt., Mts. – Mountain, Mountains
obs. – obsolete
Pref. – prefecture
Penin. – Peninsula
Pers. – Persian
Prov. – Province
R.F. – Russian Federation
P.R.C. – Popular Rep. Congo
Russ. – Russian
Span. – Spanish
SPb. – St Petersburg
Syn. – synonyms
Univ. – university
U.S.A. – the United States of America
U.S.S.R. – the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
U.V. – ultraviolet rays
£ – Pound of Great Britain
$ – Dollar of the U.S.A.

Abbreviations of names of organizations:

Amber Museum, Palanga – Amber Museum Palanga, Lithuania
AMNH, N.Y. – American Museum of Natural History, New York, the U.S.A.,
Armory Museum Kreml., Moscow – Armory Museum of the Kremlin, Moscow, Russia
Bibl. Nation., Paris – Bibliothéque Nationale, Paris, France
British Museum, London – British Museum of Natural History, London, Great Britain.
CIBJO – International Confederation on Jewelry, Silverware, Diamonds, Pearls and Stones.
CIMA – Commission International Mineralogical Association
CSRGP Museum, SPb. – The Central scientific researching Geological Prospecting Museum named after academician F.N. Chernyshev, St Petersburg, Russia
D.F.R., Moscow – Diamond Fund of Russian, Moscow
Fersman’s Museum, Moscow – Fersman’s Mineralogical Museum, Moscow, Russia
Geol. Museum, London – Geological Museum, London, Great Britain.
GIA – Gemology Institute of America, the U.S.A.
Grün. Gew., Dresden. – Grünes Gewölbe, Dresden, Germany (The Green Vault)
IMA —International Mineralogical Association Kunst. Hist. Museum, Vienna – Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria.
Louvre, Paris – Louvre, Paris, France
Mining Museum, SPb. – Mining Museum of Mining Institute, St Petersburg, Russia
Museum Earth State Moscow Univ. – Museum of the Earth of the State Moscow University, Russia.
Museum École Nation., Paris – Museum de l’École Nationale Supérieure des Mines, de Paris, France (National High School of Mines)
Nat. Hist. Museum, Paris – Muséum d’Historie Naturelle, Paris, France
Nat. Hist. Museum, Chicago – Museum of Natural History Chicago, the U.S.A.
Nat. Hist. Museum, Denver – Museum of Natural History of Denver, Colorado, the U.S.A.
Nat. Hist. Museum, Houston— Museum of Natural History Houston’s, Texas, the U.S.A.
Nat. Hist. Museum, Los Angeles – Museum of Natural History Los Angeles, the U.S.A.
Nat. Hist. Museum, Vienna – Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria
Nation. Museum, Budapest – National Museum, Budapest, Hungary
Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto – Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada
Smiths. Inst., Wash. – Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C., the U.S.A.
State Hist. Museum, Moscow – State Historical Museum, Moscow, Russia
State Hermitage, SPb. – State Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia
Topkapi Museum, Istanbul – Topkapi Museum, Istanbul, Turkey
Tower, London – Tower of London, Great Britain

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